Réforme de la pensée musulmane-complet

par Abu Abdallah
Réforme de la pensée musulmane (I)

Si ce que beaucoup retiennent du discours du Pape Benoît XVI à l'Université de Ratisbonne, c'est une citation de l'empereur byzantin Manuel II Paléologue, la question fondamentale qu'il soulève est bien ailleurs.
Au lieu de se demander si le souverain pontife doit implorer le pardon, il faut se rendre à l'évidence que sa posture relève plus d'un défi que d'une insulte aux musulmans. D'ailleurs, ce n'est pas la première fois que l'ex-cardinal Ratzinger exprime des propos controversables sur l'islam. Si le Vatican a vite essayé de rectifier le tir, le fait est que le débat est plus que jamais ouvert. Allant du théologien Küng au ministre de l'Intérieur suisse Couchepin, on s'interroge sur la nature de Dieu en islam et sur le lien entre la raison et la foi musulmane. Est-il aussi possible de réformer la pensée musulmane pour être en accord avec le temps ?
Loin des déclarations du Concile Vatican II, il y a là beaucoup plus qu'une discussion de type théologique ou philosophique. L'enjeu est géopolitique. Si l'islam et la raison sont incompatibles, cela soulève des doutes sur la place de la Turquie en Europe, sur l'intégration des populations immigrées ou même sur la possibilité d'amener la paix et la stabilité au Proche Orient en misant sur la démocratie. C'est du moins ce que pensent certains.

Judge Marilyn Mornington

"Allah subhanau wata'ala had His eyes on me ... He led me down a path from where there was no turning back from, because the more I got to know about Islam, about Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, [the more] it became obvious to me that this is where I wanted to belong and it is what I wanted to be."

Marilyn Mornington is a District Judge in England, an international lecturer, and writer on family law including domestic violence.

Dr Muhammad Iqbal’s interpretation of Destiny

by Assad Bhuglah

Since the time immemorial philosophers of all creeds and races have been tormenting their minds about who shapes the destiny of an individual or a nation. The fatalists believe that destiny is already predetermined by Divine will and so it cannot be changed. The progressists think that each individual is solely responsible for his/her destiny. This goes without saying that the second scenario has the risk of exposing high the animal instinct of the survival of the fittest and the unfettered greed for selfish gains even at the expense of dominating others. Dr Muhammad Iqbal has given an Islamic interpretation of destiny which combines both the will of Allah and the fighting spirit of human beings.

Lack of sleep a 'ticking time bomb' for health

Increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and other serious health problems, say UK researchers

Burning the candle at both ends increases your risk of suffering from a stroke or heart disease and dying prematurely, new research suggests.

“If you sleep less than six hours per night and have disturbed sleep you stand a 48 per cent greater chance of developing or dying from heart disease and a 15 per cent greater chance of developing or dying of a stroke," said Professor Francesco Cappuccio from the University of Warwick Medical School.

Leçon 72: Al-Saffat (The Ranks)

"Its (Zaqqum's) fruits are like the heads of satans."
We usually liken beautiful beings to angels as the women who saw the Prophet Yusuf, upon him be peace, likened him to honourable angel (12:31); conversely, we liken ugly beings to devils. However, there may be many other points of resemblance between the fruit of the tree of Zaqqum and the heads of devils. For example, this tree will grow from the seeds sown by the evil deeds committed by the people in Hell, deeds that were prompted by Satan.

The Quran mentions deeds - such as taking intoxicants, playing games of chance, offering sacrifices for anything having the meaning of an idol or at the places consecrated for offerings to other than God, and polytheistic divination by shooting arrows and other similar ways - as loathsome evil of Satan's doing (5: 90). So, it is quite natural that such deeds will grow into satan-like trees and yield fruit that resembles the heads of devils.