Shanghai Initiative Enrols India and Pakistan

By Assad Bhuglah

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India and Pakistan were officially admitted as members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) during its 17th Summit held on 8-9 June 2017 in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan. After accepting India and Pakistan, the SCO has expanded its geographical coverage to South Asia and has thus become one of the biggest regional organizations, accounting for three-fifths of the area of the Eurasia continent, nearly 20 per cent of global GDP and half of the world's population. Both countries are expected to follow Tashkent-based Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS) to conduct joint military exercises along with other SCO members- China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.  

General Principle

Al-Baqara (The Cow) Sura 2: Verse 29

"It is He who has created for you all that is on earth, and has dealt with the heavens formed appropriately into seven, and He alone has full knowledge of everything."

Although the above verse is dealing with the creation of the whole universe and the multiple cosmic systems indicated as "heavens" be they within or beyond the human perception, it states significantly an essential general law: that God "has created for you all that is on earth". Consequently, as our jurists since early times rightfully inferred, everything on earth is pure and allowed to be used, unless it comes to be clearly forbidden by God.

Heresy

Mother of the Faithful, Aisha, may God be pleased with her, said, "God's Messenger, may God be pleased with him and his family, said, 'Anything invented outside the scope of our religion, by anyone, is rejected.'" Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. In a report by Muslim, the text of the hadith is given as, "Any deed outside the scope of our religion, performed by anyone, is rejected."

White Supremacist

By Assad Bhuglah

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White supremacy is a racist ideology based on the belief that white people are superior than people of other races and therefore dominate society. The term ‘White Supremacist’ is also used to describe a political ideology that perpetuates and maintains the social, political, historical or industrial domination by white people. People who hold these beliefs sometimes go by names including Alt-Right, Identarians, Neo-Nazists and Ku Klux Klan. The White Supremacist movement's recent rise is said to have been encouraged during the 2016 US presidential election, in which Trump was accused of racism and anti-Muslim bigotry for his comments about Muslims and Mexicans. Donald Trump has been cited as a factor in the rise of white nationalists and other right-wing groups who backed him to become president.

Known Station

Al-Saffat (Those Ranged in Ranks) - Chapter 37: Verse 164

"There is none among us, but that he has a known station."

These are understood to be the words of the angels, each of whom is assigned a station that is never left; some remain bowing, never straightening their spines; others remain prostrating, never lifting their heads. In the immediate context, this verse is a declaration that they, like the jinn, know that any worship of them is misplaced. More broadly speaking, that all angels have a known station indicates that they have, like all created things other than human beings and jinn, no freedom to move from one station or level of being to another.