By Assad Bhuglah
Biometrics is the science of analysing physical or behavioural characteristics specific to each individual in order to be able to authenticate his/her identity. It has quickly established itself as the most pertinent means of identifying and authenticating individuals in a reliable and fast way, through the use of unique biological characteristics. Biometrics technology is being widely used for automated recognition in the fields of travel, immigration, visa applications. It speeds up border crossing through the use of scanners, which use the principle of recognition by comparison of the face and/or fingerprints. Many countries have set up biometric infrastructures to control migration flows to and from their territories. Fingerprint scanners and cameras installed at border posts capture certain types of information that help identify travellers entering the country in a more precise and reliable way.