Humanizing The Divine

Even those contemporary Jews, Christians, and Muslims who strive so hard to profess theologically "correct" beliefs about a sole, singular God who is incorporeal or infallible, ever-present or all-knowing, seem compelled to envision God in human form and to speak of God in human terms. Studies performed by a range of psychologists and cognitive scientists have shown that the most devout believers, when forced to communicate their thoughts about God, overwhelmingly treat God as though they were talking about some person they might have met on the street.

Harmful Acts

Abu Said Sad bin Malik bin Sinan al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "harm (darar) may neither be inflicted nor reciprocated." [Ibn Majah]

Shanghai Initiative Enrols India and Pakistan

By Assad Bhuglah

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India and Pakistan were officially admitted as members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) during its 17th Summit held on 8-9 June 2017 in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan. After accepting India and Pakistan, the SCO has expanded its geographical coverage to South Asia and has thus become one of the biggest regional organizations, accounting for three-fifths of the area of the Eurasia continent, nearly 20 per cent of global GDP and half of the world's population. Both countries are expected to follow Tashkent-based Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS) to conduct joint military exercises along with other SCO members- China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.  

General Principle

Al-Baqara (The Cow) Sura 2: Verse 29

"It is He who has created for you all that is on earth, and has dealt with the heavens formed appropriately into seven, and He alone has full knowledge of everything."

Although the above verse is dealing with the creation of the whole universe and the multiple cosmic systems indicated as "heavens" be they within or beyond the human perception, it states significantly an essential general law: that God "has created for you all that is on earth". Consequently, as our jurists since early times rightfully inferred, everything on earth is pure and allowed to be used, unless it comes to be clearly forbidden by God.


Mother of the Faithful, Aisha, may God be pleased with her, said, "God's Messenger, may God be pleased with him and his family, said, 'Anything invented outside the scope of our religion, by anyone, is rejected.'" Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. In a report by Muslim, the text of the hadith is given as, "Any deed outside the scope of our religion, performed by anyone, is rejected."